July 15, 2022 - 10:33 AM 328 views
Exchange rates fluctuate frequently due to supply and demand. The perceived value of possessing a currency, either to pay for goods and services or as an investment, determines whether it is more in demand than another.
The value of a currency in relation to another currency is indicated by its exchange rate. Exchange rates are denoted by currency pairings as a result.
The British pound and the US dollar are one of the most widely used currency pairs. Their exchange rate is GBP/USD.
For instance, if the current GBP/USD exchange rate is 1.25, you would receive US$1.25 for every £1 you trade (assuming you get the market rate, and excluding any fees).
You can solve for x by y. Therefore, if the USD/GBP rate was 0.80 at the same moment, you would receive £0.80 for every US dollar you exchanged.
The amount you receive from a currency exchange can vary significantly depending on the exchange rate. Between 1 January 2018 and 1 July 2019, £1 fluctuated between a high and low of US$1.42 and US$1.22 respectively. For every £1000 that is exchanged at the market rate, there is a difference of US$200:
1:42 GBP/USD conversion rate makes £1000 equal to $1420 USD.
1:22 GBP/USD exchange rate makes $1,220 from £1000.
Here are a few of the main factors that affect how exchange rates fluctuate.
Interest Rates and Price
Exchange rates are influenced by both inflation and interest rates, which are interrelated.
An economy benefits from some inflation, which results in increased prices for goods and services, as it indicates that demand is outpacing supply. However, excessive inflation can be problematic since it makes products and services more expensive.
The trading ties between a nation and the rest of the globe may also have an impact on its currency. Countries with trade surpluses, or exports that exceed imports, often have stronger currencies than those with trade deficits.
Exchange rate changes are greatly influenced by market expectations, which take into consideration the aforementioned elements.
The impact on exchange rates, however, may be greater if there were an unanticipated change in interest rates.